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An empirical investigation of the effectiveness of the broad-minded affective coping procedure (BMAC) to boost mood among individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

M. Panagioti, P.A. Gooding & N. Tarrier.

Behaviour Research and Therapy. Volume 50, Issue 10, October 2012, Pages 589–595.



The broaden-and-build theory postulates that positive emotions broaden people's cognitions and actions, and facilitate the building of personal and social resources which enhance resilience in a range of clinical populations. The Broad-Minded Affective Coping procedure (BMAC) is a recently developed clinical technique which utilizes the recall of positive autobiographical memories and mental imagery to elicit positive affect. This study aims to investigate the ability of the BMAC to boost mood among 50 individuals diagnosed currently (n = 31) or previously (n = 19) with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). To assess mood, a series of Visual Analog Scales (VASs) and Likert scales measuring feelings of sadness, calmness, happiness, hopelessness, defeat and frustration were administrated at baseline, immediately following the completion of the BMAC and two hours and two days afterwards. Participants in the BMAC condition demonstrated greater increases in self-reported levels of positive emotions and greater reductions in self-reported levels of negative emotions following the BMAC technique compared to those in the control condition. The results suggest that the BMAC is a useful clinical technique which can be incorporated into other clinical interventions such as cognitive behavioral therapy to elicit positive affect and promote resilience.



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