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Military Sexual Trauma in Men Exploring Treatment Principles

Tim Hoyt, Jennifer Klosterman Rielage & Lauren F. Williams.

 

Traumatology. September 2012, vol. 18, no. 3, 29-40.

 

Abstract

Military sexual trauma (MST) is reported in approximately 20%-43% of female service members and veterans, and 1%-3% of male service members and veterans. These rates reflect thousands of individual cases. However, there is limited research on treatment interventions for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) associated with men's MST. The authors illustrate a model for integrating empirically based treatment protocols into an outpatient treatment program for PTSD related to men's MST. This model is based on Herman's trauma recovery model of safety, mourning, and reconnection. This proposed series of interventions integrates components of several empirically supported treatments into this model, including dialectical behavior therapy, seeking safety, and cognitive processing therapy. The aim of this approach is to first increase trust and knowledge about PTSD and MST, then increase distress tolerance and emotional regulation skills. This lays the groundwork for further trauma-focused treatment. The authors discuss lessons learned for facilitating treatment.

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